Is There a Time Limit for Medical Negligence Claims? Exploring the Legal Boundaries

What Is the Time Limit for Medical Negligence Claims*?

The time limit for pursuing a medical negligence claim is typically two years from when the alleged negligence occurred. However, some exceptions may apply. Discover more about the statute of limitations regarding these claims.

Date of Knowledge

A victim of medical negligence generally has two years, less one day, from the date of knowledge to initiate court proceedings for a personal injury claim. The date of knowledge refers to when the injured person becomes aware of:

  • Their injury,
  • The significance of the injury,
  • The injury resulting from medical negligence, and
  • The identity of the liable party.

Using this information, victims can gather evidence and present their case on their injuries caused by medical negligence within the legal time frame.

Exceptions for Medical Negligence Legal Time Limits In Ireland

In some cases, victims may not be immediately aware that medical negligence has occurred. In such instances, the statute of limitations extends to two years less a day from the date of discovery of the negligence, which could be during a follow-up appointment or upon receiving medical records. The date of discovery refers to when the victim should have known about the negligence.

Time Limits for Minors

The legal time limits for medical negligence claims involving minors (under 18 years old) differ from those involving adults. A minor cannot make a claim until they turn 18. From their 18th birthday, they have two years less a day to issue court proceedings for a medical negligence claim. However, a parent or guardian may pursue a claim on their behalf before they turn 18 under the “next friend rule.” Any settlement awarded to the child requires court approval, and the funds are held in the Accountant’s Office of the High Court until the minor reaches 18 years of age.

Time Limits for Individuals with Disabilities

The statute of limitations is also extended for individuals with disabilities. If someone with a disability acquires the right to take legal action due to medical negligence, they can begin this process within two years from the date they no longer have a disability or from the date of their death, whichever comes first, even if the standard two-year limitation period has passed.

Time Limits for Fatal Injury Claims

In cases where medical negligence has caused someone’s death, the deceased’s dependents may file a claim on their behalf. The limitations period is two years from the date of death or the date of knowledge of the person filing the claim, whichever comes later. However, only one claim may be made for the fatal injury.

By understanding these various exceptions and time limits, individuals in Ireland can better navigate the legal process surrounding medical negligence claims.

Benefits of Claiming Early

The Importance of Timely Claims

Claiming early is crucial in medical negligence cases, as memories tend to fade and witnesses might become unavailable over time. The more time passes, the harder it becomes to accurately reconstruct the events in question.

Inherent Jurisdiction of the Courts

It’s essential to remember that the courts hold inherent jurisdiction to dismiss a claim due to inordinate and inexcusable delays, even if the action began within the appropriate limitation period. To effectively prosecute a claim, the person entitled must avoid unnecessary delays.

Medical Negligence Claims and the Injuries Board

Medical negligence cases are not assessed by the Injuries Board. Thus, issuing legal proceedings is the only way to stop the time limit clock.

Seeking Legal Advice from Medical Negligence Solicitors

If you’re unsure whether you’re within the statutory time period to file a medical negligence claim, it’s advisable to consult with medical negligence solicitors.

With over 50 years of combined expertise advising patients, skilled solicitors can provide much-needed legal advice when it matters the most. Reach out to them for assistance at 1800 207 207 or contact them online.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the time constraints for beginning a medical negligence case in Ireland?

The statutory time frame for initiating a medical negligence claim in Ireland is two years less a day from the date the injury is discovered.

Until when can one file a claim for medical negligence following an incident?

A claim for medical negligence must be filed within two years (less one day) from the date the injury was identified. However, the exact date of injury may not always coincide with the date of the negligent act.

Are any exceptions applicable to the standard time frame in medical negligence cases?

Yes, exceptions might be made in certain circumstances, such as when the claimant is a minor, has a mental incapacity, or where fraud or deceit was involved in causing the delay in discovering the injury. You should consult a legal professional for advice specific to your situation.

What should be done if the time limit for filing a medical negligence claim appears to have expired?

If you believe the time limit for filing a claim has passed, it is essential to seek legal advice as soon as possible to determine if any exceptions or extensions to the time limit apply to your case.

Can the deadline for a medical negligence claim be extended under specific conditions?

Yes, under certain circumstances, the time limit for a medical negligence claim can be extended. This typically depends on factors like age, mental capacity, and if any fraud or deceit was involved. Always consult a solicitor for further information regarding your case.

What measures should be taken immediately in case of suspected medical negligence?

If you suspect medical negligence, immediately document all details related to the incident, seek medical attention and advice from a different healthcare professional, and consult with a specialist medical negligence solicitor as soon as possible to assess your options and help preserve evidence for your claim.

Get in touch

Nationwide services with dedicated offices in


2-4 Ely Place, Dublin 2, D02 FR58


Bishopsgate, Henry Street, Limerick, V94 K5R6


1A South Mall, Cork, T12 PV44

Share this page



Wills, Probate and Trusts

HOMS Assist provide swift case resolution and a personalised service. Contact us for all private wealth cases such as Wills and Powers of Attorney.


Property Law Solicitors

HOMS Assist provide swift case resolution and personalised service in Dublin and Limerick. Contact us today to discuss property law matters.


Family Law Solicitors

We have 50+ years experience in family law cases including child custody, guardianship, divorce and domestic violence. Contact us for swift case progression.


Vehicle Damage Claims Team at HOMS Assist

News Article

Meet Your Vehicle Damage Claims Team at HOMS Assist

Man using an escooter on road

News Article

Navigating the New E-Scooter Regulations in Ireland: A Guide for Road Users

Image of person cutting "T" from the words I Can't

News Article

Can I Make a Claim for Medical Negligence?

Photograph of seven medical negligence solicitors - the HOMS Assist Medical Negligence team

News Article

Meet Our Medical Negligence Team: Your Allies in Pursuing Justice

A couple walking in a property development

News Article

Navigating the Housing Crisis: Expert Advice for Buying a House in Ireland

Photograph of an empty trolley in a hospital corridor

News Article

Unacceptable Standard of Medical Care in University Hospital Limerick

What we offer

We are an award winning, client-oriented law firm in Dublin, Limerick and Cork. Our solicitors provide comprehensive legal advice in an approachable and caring manner. Most of us will require a solicitor at some time in our lives. When the time comes that you do require legal support you will want to be sure that you are dealing with professionals who will work quickly and efficiently to help you. So whether you need help writing a Will, you have been in an accident, suffered an injury or illness that was not your fault, or you are looking at divorce options, we can offer clear guidance and representation to assist you in obtaining the optimum result.

Request a callback

Fill out the form below, and we will contact you shortly. Required fields are marked *

Sign up to our newsletter today

Scroll to Top